Comparative study and analysis of Nietzsche's and Diltay's thinking in relation to history

Document Type : Scientific-research


1 University of Esfahan

2 Assistant Professor of the Department of Philosophy, University of Isfahan.

3 Department of Philosophy, University of Isfahan



The nineteenth century was a century in which, on the one hand, history, with its transformation into science, confronted philosophy with the challenge of historical relativism. And on the other hand, with the increasing development of the experimental sciences, philosophy has lost its main goal - the unconditional attainment of truth. In this unsettled situation that had confronted philosophy with an identity crisis, Nietzsche and Dilthey's designs, the broad and diverse movement "Philosophy of Life," became the driving force behind the renewal of philosophy in the 19th century. In this paper, we look at two popular answers Which has been raised against the challenge of historical relativism And played a crucial role in shaping the redefinition of the essence and purpose of philosophy in the 19th century. Nietzsche and Dilthey developed concepts of philosophy in contrast with one another, and in particular regarding their approach to the history of philosophy. While Nietzsche advocates a radical break with the history of philosophy, Dilthey emphasizes the continuity with the philo-sophical tradition. In the following, by Examining Dilthey's attitude towards Schopenhauer and Nietzsche's anti-historicist stance, we find that Dilthey was not fair in explaining Nietzsche's attitude towards history and sought to justify his views instead of Nietzsche's thinking.