The Roots of Transition to Being as the Ground of Consciousness in Schelling

Document Type : Scientific-research


1 PhD Student of Philosophy, University of Tehran

2 Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Tehran


Schelling’s philosophical orientations has undergone many changes during his lifetime; But it would be justifiable to be said that he has one fundamental issue, according to which being or absolute identity is not within the reach of mind. In the middle of 1790s, Schelling's philosophy begins with his engagement with Fichte’s attempts to pursue Kant's transcendental philosophy, granted priority to the activity of consciousness in the formation of the recognisable world. Together with this comes the starting of an everlasting unanimity with Spinoza’s belief that philosophy must begin with a self-sufficient Absolute. Near the beginning of the next century Schelling produces the Naturphilosophie, which gives the role of activity of a subject to the nature and names it 'productivity'. So, he rejects all approaches which regards nature inanimate and strictly contrary to living thinking. He comes to the 'identity philosophy' in the early 1800s according to which 'mind' and 'matter', the 'ideal' and the 'real' are only different degrees, or outlooks, of the Same. During this period, he eventually dissents from Fichte, whom he considers as failing to move out of the realm of self-consciousness to a being as the foundation of consciousness.


Main Subjects

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/36زمینههای گذر به وجود به مثابه بنیان آگاهی درشلینگ
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1:149-244. "Vom Ich als Prinzip der Philosophie" (On the ego as principle
of philosophy) (1795).
1:281-342. "Philosophische Briefe über Dogmatismus und Kriticismus"
(Philosophical letters concerning dogmatism and criticism) (1795).
2:1-344. Ideen zu einer Philosophie der Natur (Ideas toward a philosephy
of nature) (1797). "Einleitung" [Introduction], pages 1-73.
4:79-104. Über der wahren Begriff der Naturphilosophie usw. [On the true
concept of Naturphilosophie usw.](1801)
6:131-574. System der gesammten Philosophie und der Natur-philosophie
insbesondere (System of all philosophy and of the philosophy of nature
in particular) (1804). Pages 215-574 are omitted from the
Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft edition; they are included in the
Schröder edition (see below).
7:1-126. "Darlegung des wahren Verhältnisses der Naturphilosophie zu
der verbesserten Fichteschen Lehre" (Exhibition of the true relation of
the philosophy of nature to the improved Fichtean doctrine) (1806).
7:140-97. "Aphorismen zur Einleitung in die Naturphilosophie"
(Aphorisms introducing the philosophy of nature) (1806).
10:1-200. Zur Geschichte der neueren Philosophie (On the history of
modern philosophy)
13:1-174. "Einleitung in die Philosophie der Offenbarung oder Be
gründung der positiven Philosophie" (Introduction to the philosophy of
revelation or foundation of positive philosophy