Analyzing the Relationship between Time-Consciousness and Self-Consciousness in Husserl’s Philosophy

Document Type : Scientific-research


Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Philosophy and Wisdom, Shahed University, Iran


Husserl, corresponding to three levels of temporality, introduces three levels of time-consciousness in his works. These three levels of time-consciousness are the consciousness of the temporality of transcendent objects (objective time), the consciousness of the temporality of intentional acts and experiences (subjective time), and finally, the deepest level is what he calls consciousness of inner time or absolute consciousness. This third level is the continuous stream or flow of consciousness which in its streaming constitutes itself and other levels of temporality. Although this constituting flow is the deepest foundation of temporality, it is not temporal in the ordinary meaning of the term. That means despite being self-constituting and self-temporalizing it is not given in a higher level of time. Understanding the true meaning of this level of temporality, for long, has been a challenge for scholars. One of the attempts to interpret and demystify this layer of temporality is based on making a connection between this absolute flow of consciousness and a kind of implicit and minimal self-consciousness usually called pre-reflective self-consciousness. In this article besides explaining the three levels of temporality and time-consciousness, I have analyzed this view about the relationship between the third level of time-consciousness and pre-reflective self-consciousness and compared the ideas of scholars on the matter.


اسپیگلبرگ، هربرت (1392)، جنبش پدیدارشناسی، ج 1،  ترجمۀ مسعود علیا، تهران، مینوی خرد.
راثی، فاطمه (1390)، «زمان‌اندیشی درونی از دیدگاه هوسرل»، جستارهای فلسفی، ش 20، 63-90.
رشیدیان، عبدالکریم (1394)،  هوسرل در متن آثارش، تهران، نشر نی.
ساکالوفسکی، رابرت (1388)، درآمدی بر پدیدارشناسی، ترجمۀ محمدرضا قربانی، تهران، گام نو.
هوسرل، ادموند (1386)،  تأملات دکارتی، ترجمۀ عبدالکریم رشیدیان، تهران، نشر نی.
Bernet, Rudolf (2010), Husserl’s New Phenomenology of Time Consciousness in the Bernau Manuscripts, In: On Time - New Contributions to the Husserlian Phenomenology of Time, Ed. Dieter Lohmar and Ichiro Yamaguchi, London & New York, Springer.
Brough J. Barnett (2010), Notes on the Absolute Time-Constituting Flow of Consciousness, In: On Time - New Contributions to the Husserlian Phenomenology of Time, Ed. Dieter Lohmar and Ichiro Yamaguchi, London & New York, Springer.
Gallager, Shaun (2012), Phenomenology, London, Palgrave Macmillan.
Husserl, Edmund (1991), Husserliana 10, Zur Phänomenologie des inneren Zeitbewusstseins (1893-1991), Ed. Rudolf Boehm, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1966, On the Phenomenology of the Consciousness of Internal Time (1893-1917), Trans. John Barnett Brough, Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic.
ـــــــــــــ (2001), Husserliana 33, Die 'Bernauer Manuskripte' über das Zeitbewußtsein 1917/18,  Ed.Rudolf Bernet and Dieter Lohmar, Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic.
ـــــــــــــ (2006), Husserliana Materialien VIII, Späte Texte über Zeitkonstitution (1929-1934): Die C-Manuskripte, Netherlands, Springer.
ـــــــــــــ (1982), Ideas Pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy, First Book, General Introduction to a Pure Phenomenology, Trans. Fred Kersten, The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff.
Moran Dermot (2000), Introduction to Phenomenology, NY, Routledge.
Zahavi Dan (1999), Self Awareness and Alterity: A Phenomenological Investigation, Us, Illinois, Northwest University.
ـــــــــــــ (2003), Husserl's Phenomenology, Stanford, Stanford University.
ـــــــــــــ (2011), “Objects and Levels: Reflections on the Relation Between Time-Consciousness and Self-Consciousness”, Husserl Studies, N 27, 13- 25.