Document Type : Scientific-research


1 PhD student of philosophy, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor of Philosophy, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


Heidegger in Being and Time, following Kant, who considered transcendental logic as a condition for the possibility of empirical science, considers historicity as a transcendental condition of historiography. He turns the epistemological and methodological question of the historical sciences into an ontological question; that is, instead of asking “under what circumstances can the objectivity of the historical knowledge be confirmed?” he asks, “what kind of existence Dasein have that allows him to care about himself and the world, and understand the meaning of his past?” “And how is there such a thing as history at all?” In order to understand the importance of historicity in the general outline of the book, we should consider its relation to the main question of the work; “What is the meaning of Being?” Hence, this article pursues two goals; First, it tries to show the place of historicity in the whole work, in such a way that is clear how Heidegger first starts from the pre-theorical understanding of Dasein as “existence”, ang then moves toward the discovery of the main structure of existentials as “concern”; Then he introduces “temporality” as a transcendental structure of concern; And finally, it comes to this that the concrete form of temporality is “historicity”. The second goal of this article is to reinterpret this debate with regard to the question of “the meaning of Being”. In this regard, I try to explain that historicity, as a concrete form of temporality, shows the openness of Dasein as the scope of the emergence of the meaning of Being and beings is a close event, which has its beginning and end, as standing on the possibilities it is thrown to them and it takes from its heritage. From this point of view, Heidegger, following Kant’s tradition, considers meaning- giving as a finite process, but unlike Kant, who considered this finitude in terms of the dependence on sensory intuition of being in the world, and thus as the ontic, he considers it as an ontological. He Knows that it arose from the special way of existence of Dasein. Being and Time finally reaches the point that the meaning-giving process which, as the verb “temporalizing” and “hisoricizing” is expressed in trads of past, present, future, or in the other words, heritage, fate, destiny. So, historical finitude reveals the concrete form of temporal finitude. The terms of heritage, fate and destiny each confirm the finitude od Dasein, and in this way, the finitude of the meaning-giving event. In its powerlessness, Dasein in undertakes its heritage in an authentic way. Dasein cannot be its own foundation, but is thrown to its possibilities.



Main Subjects

Bambach, Charles.R )2017(, Heidegger, Dilthey, and the Crisis of Historicism, New York, Cornell University.
Beiser Fredrick C )2011), the German Historicist Tradition, New York, Oxford University.
Blattner, William D (1999), Heidegger’s Temporal Idealism, Washington DC, Cambridge.
Crowell, Steven Galt (2001), Husserl, Heidegger. and the Space of  Meaning, Illinois, Northwestern University.
Davis Bret W (2014), Martin Heidegger: Key Concepts, London, Routledge.
Dithey Wilhelm (2010), The Formation of the Historical World in the Human Sciences, translated by Sanei Dare Bidi, Tehran, Qoqnoos. (in Persian)
Gelven  Michael (1989), a Commentary on Heidegger’s Being and Time, Illinois, Northern Illinois University.
Heidegger, Martin (2002), on Time and Being, translated by Joan Stambaugh, Chicago, the University of Chicago.
ـــــــــــــــــــ (2007), Being and Time, translated by Siavash Jamadi, Tehran, Qoqnoos. (in Persian)
Kaufer Stephan (2013), Temporality as the ontological sense of care, in Cambridge Companion to Heidegger,s Being and Time, New York, Cambridge University.
Murray Michael (1970),  Modern Philosophy of History: It,s Origin and Destination, Netherlands, Martinus Nijhoff  .
Rajabi, Ahmad (2019), Transcendental finitude, Tehran, Hermes. (in Persian)
Richardson, S.J. William J (2003), Heidegger: Through Phenomenology to Thought,  New York, Fordham University.
Sembera, Richard (2007), Rephrasing Heidegger, Ottawa,  The University of Ottawa.
Schear, Joseph.K (2013), Historical finitude, in Cambridge Companion to Heidegger’s Being and Time, edited by Mark A. Wrathall, New York, Cambridge University.