Finding the roots of Suhrawardi's theory of celibacy in Ibn Sina's works

Document Type : Scientific-research


1 Associate Professor of Philosophy, Shahid Motahari University

2 Master of Philosophy and Islamic Wisdom of Shahid Motahari University



Ibn Sina thinks that all the powers related to the soul, except the power of the intellect, are material. Therefore, according to Ibn Sina's basis, imagination, in addition to having a material nature, also exists in a material place. Based on the function of "combination and elaboration", the power of imagination provides the necessary forms and meanings for the intellect in order to realize intellectual perception. On the other hand, Shaykh Eshraq, by denying the power of imagination and imagination in the meaning intended by Ibn Sina, considered imaginary forms as suspended forms that are not real in place and place; And although these forms sometimes appear in manifestations, these manifestations should not be considered the place of those forms. That is, Suhrawardi delivers the imaginary perception to the present knowledge of the soul like all other perceptions. In fact, Suhravardi, despite following Ibn Sina in the corporeality of imagination, considers imaginary forms to be single, remaining and existing in the example of Akbar (detached imagination). However, he considers the faculty of imagination to be material, and he does not believe that there is a distinction between evidence and proof, and he believes that the soul observes imaginary forms in the example.


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Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 13 May 2023
  • Receive Date: 18 December 2022
  • Revise Date: 10 May 2023
  • Accept Date: 13 May 2023