تحول آرای فلسفی یورگن هابرماس درباره ی نقش دین در حوزه ی عمومی

نوع مقاله : علمی -پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دوره دکتری رشته فلسفه دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشیار گزوه فلسفه دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

بعضی از صاحب نظران یورگن هابرماس را برجسته ترین
فیلسوف زنده و نظریه پرداز اجتماعی به شمار می آورند. در عین حال دیدگاه های او در
مورد نقش دین در حوزه ی عمومی تا حدودی مورد غفلت قرار گرفته است. در این مقاله،
ضمن شرح و توضیح مبانی دیدگاه های فلسفی اولیه و بعدی هابرماس درباره ی دین، تحول نگرش
او به دین همچون یکی از منابع مشکلات درونی 
مدرنیته و سپس تلقی او از دین همچون منبع اصلی شوق و انگیزه برای پی ریختن
زیست جهان فرهنگی ـ اجتماعی مطلوب بررسی شده است. نادیده گرفته شدن مطالعات متأخر
هابرماس درباره ی نقش و جایگاه دین در دنیای معاصر مایه ی تأسف است، چراکه پروژه ی
متأخر هابرماس فی الواقع کوششی است خلاق و مهم برای گذار به فرا سوی فرض های
سکولار که وجه بارز بسیاری از مطالعات مدرن در مورد دین است. هدف اصلی این مقاله
بررسی انتقادی تفکر فلسفی هابرماس و تحول آرای او درباره ی نقش دین در عرضه ی
عمومی است و روش های به کار رفته در این پژوهش، تحلیل محتوا و مطالعه تطبیقی افکار
هابرماس با تکیه بر رویکرد انتقادی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Shift in Habermas's Philosophical Thought on the Role of Religion in the Public Sphere

نویسندگان [English]

  • m b 1
  • h g 2
چکیده [English]

Although some scholars view Habermas as the most important philosopher and social theorist, his account of religion has been relatively neglected. In this paper, Habermas’s early and later views of religion are outlined, and the change in his understanding of religion from one of the sources of modernity’s inner problems to a principal source of the passions and motivations underpinning cultural life today is mapped. I argue that the relative neglect of Habermas’s work on religion is unfortunate, as it offers a creative and important attempt to move beyond the secular assumptions that have characterised much modern study of religion. In this paper, my main aim is to critically examine Habermas’s account of the role of religion in public sphere. The methods used in this research are content analysis and a comparative study of Habermas’s early and recent thoughtmove beyond the secular assumptions that have characterised much modern study of religion. In this paper, my main aim is to critically examine Habermas’s account of the role of religion in public sphere. The methods used in this research are content analysis and a comparative study of Habermas’s early and recent thought. move beyond the secular assumptions that have characterised much modern study of religion. In this paper, my main aim is to critically examine Habermas’s account of the role of religion in public sphere. The methods used in this research are content analysis and a comparative study of Habermas’s early and recent thought

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Philosophy and Religion
  • The Public Sphere
  • The Mythical Worldview
  • The Religious-Metaphysical Worldview
  • The Modern Worldview
منابع
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