نوع مقاله : علمی -پژوهشی
هیأت علمی گروه آموزشی فلسفه دانشگاه مذاهب اسلامی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Husserl discusses "categorial intuition" in the sixth investigation of Logical Investigations. In categorial intuition, we are dealing with sensory perceptions with the surplus, which is added to a predicative assertion at the stage of transferring sensory perception. The problem of the present article is to explain the position of categorial intuition and its relationship with perception from Husserl's point of view in his Logical Investigations. The necessity and importance of this issue is such that it can be considered as the foundation of phenomenology and any future knowledge theory, and even Heidegger considered it one of the four main issues of Husserl's phenomenology. The discussion begins with an explanation of the difference between "perception", "intuition", "object" and "fulfillment". Then, using the analytical-descriptive method, the relationship of categorial intuition with the categorial elements of thinking, the contrast between simple and categorial acts, the stages of acts in synthetic categorical intuition, the important role of sensation in categorial intuition, and eidetic intuition will be investigated next to synthetic categorial intuition. One of the achievements of this article is the exposition of the three stages of synthetic categorial intuitions: simple perception of the whole, subdividing perceptions, and categorial synthetic intention. The innovation of this article is that, according to Husserl, we have intellectual and categorial intuition just as we have intuition of sensory objects.